As projects go, building a house is a heavy one. It doesn’t only require a lot of resources; it also requires much planning. A single mistake in the foundation or columns can leave the whole project crumbling to ruin. And the use of the wrong material can greatly reduce a building’s lifespan.
Whether you want to build a house because you love the challenges presented by a big project or you need a residential or commercial building you can call your own, having all the details you need to pull the project off can look like a Herculean Task. To help you with that, below are four of the most important aspects of building a house.
- The Design of Your Building
Design isn’t all about beauty. It’s in fact the backbone of your building. Without it, everything can easily fall apart. While some people would go for pre-drawn designs, hiring a professional architect to design your house from scratch is more ideal, as it accounts for every variable, including your personalisation and the land on which you want to build the house.
Other variables a bespoke design accounts for include lighting, appearance, landscaping, land use, positioning, stress and loads, the types, quantity, and quality of materials needed to bring the building to life, your comfort, energy efficiency, and so on.
- Your Finance
Building a house is costly. There is no doubt about that. That is why it’s never advisable to avoid pulling out money blindly, lest you risk going broke mid-project. Hire a professional builder who can detail down everything you need in order to raise the structure in your design and provide you with an estimate.
But then there is the possibility that you don’t have the funds to see the project through. A typical mortgage loan won’t work here. You’d need a construction loan.
- Ground and Foundation
In choosing a site for your building, you have to consider its proximity to modern amenities like road networks, schools, bus stops, railway station, hospital, and many others. You also have to consider how accessible from the site the available amenities are and whether the neighbourhood is prone to natural disaster or crime.
Then you need to consider the soil on which you want to build. Can it support your building and the landscaping on your design? Does it need to be treated first? Do parts of the land need to be reclaimed first? This can help you reduce costs or avert a crisis that may arise later, and it requires your hiring a geotechnical engineer.
The foundation of your building also matters as much as the soil. For your building to last, it needs a durable foundation, which (along with the beams and columns) can carry the weight of the entire house. Therefore, make sure you use quality building materials and hire a good building team that can deliver.
- Energy Efficiency
With the recent government pressure on homeowners to improve the energy-efficiency of their houses, the design stage of your building project is the time to factor in energy efficiency. This wouldn’t only save you money but will also protect you from stricter energy laws in the future.
Ways you can make your home energy efficient include, proper insulation (use modern doors and double-glazed windows that are thermally broken), adding tree planting, arboriculture and gardening in your landscaping, and planning for the house to produce its own energy (perhaps using solar roofing and windmills).
There are various other things to consider when building a house: building codes and laws of your country, state, and local government, size of the house, timeframe of the building project, the team you want to use, and so on. A project proceeds effortlessly when you take everything into account in advance.